The world is full of problems. Unique problems. Problems due to lack of solution (People want to live with same state, don’t want to change) Solution itselt is a problem. Life is filled with and constantly faced with challenges. A problem may have more than one solution,but sometimes its difficult to come up with a single solution even after putting in a lot of effort. Problem solving requires both analytical and innovative skills such as:
- Analytical Ability
- Lateral Thinking
- Logical Reasoning
Problem solving is a mental and intellectual process and involves understanding the problem, finding alternatives solutions, implementing the solution and evaluating it from time to time. The formulation of the problem very important than its solution, which may be merely a matter of mathematical or experimental skill.
If problems are ill-defined, then solving them satisfactorily becomes difficult as goals are not clear, solution paths are vague, low confidence in expected solution[AG1] , and so on. Well defined problems are likely to lead to a satisfactorily solution.
There are many problem solving tools and tools which are commonly used:
- Cause and Effect Analysis
- SWOT Analysis
- Abstraction and Analogy Analysis
- Root Cause Analysis
- Trial and Error
Major barriers to problem solving is mental constructs that impede our ability to correctly solve the problems. Some of them are bias, mental set, rigidness, irrelevant information, unnecessary constraints, etc.
It is very important that you are solving a right problem. One should spend enough time on finding answer to this question and then attack the problem for the solution. Many times the situations are unique and even after working hard, your efforts could go in vain
The best strategy for solving a problem is to understand the problem. Albert Einstein said ““If I were given one hour to save the planet, I would spend 59 minutes defining the problem and one minute resolving it”.
“A problem well put is half solved.”